Single sign-on (SSO) for Confluent Cloud¶
Confluent Cloud allows for single sign-on (SSO) using your existing SAML-based IdP (identity provider). SSO provides access control for multiple independent software systems. With SSO, enterprise users can log in to multiple, unrelated systems using a single user ID and password, which means enterprises no longer have to store and manage passwords in company databases. SSO also improves security and decreases service and troubleshooting issues associated with individual logins.
You configure SSO at the organization level. After enabling SSO for an organization, by default newly-created users will only be able to authenticate using SSO. You can also revert the SSO configuration to a disabled state. Users created or invited during the period when SSO is enabled do not receive local passwords, and must use the password reset form to set a local password for their account. After resetting the local password, users can log in using the main Confluent Cloud login page. SSO users cannot reset their passwords while SSO is enabled for their organization.
- You must have an existing SAML-based IdP, such as Okta, OneLogin, or Azure Active Directory (AD).
- Only users assigned the OrganizationAdmin role can view and modify SSO settings. For details, refer to Confluent Cloud RBAC Roles.
In an IdP-initiated flow, Confluent Cloud cannot verify that the end-user initiated the flow, which leaves users vulnerable to Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) attacks. Therefore, IdP-initiated login flows for SSO are not supported. Several IdPs provide workarounds to simulate IdP-initiated login flows, such as the Okta bookmark application.
Confluent Cloud SSO does not support any single log-out (SLO) protocols.
These terms play a key role in the implementation of SSO for Confluent Cloud:
- Identity provider (IdP)
- Enterprise’s corporate user directory. SSO users are redirected to the IdP for authentication.
- IdP-initiated login
- For an IdP-initiated login, users access Confluent Cloud using an IdP, such as Okta.
- Local user
- Also known as a “non-SSO user”, this user possesses a password that is stored in the Confluent Cloud database, and is authenticated directly by the Confluent Cloud back-end.
- Service provider-initiated login
- For a service provider-initiated login, users access the Confluent Cloud login page, and are then redirected to their IdP to log in.
- SSO user
- User who authenticates to Confluent Cloud using his or her own Enterprise IdP.
Confluent Cloud SSO workflow¶
After SSO is enabled, users log in at
The browser makes an OpenID connect request to the identity broker at
which then redirects the browser to send a SAML request to the organization’s IdP.
After the user successfully authenticates, the IdP responds with a signed SAML
ID Assertion, which the identity broker translates into a JSON Web Token (JWT).
Confluent Cloud uses this token to authenticate additional requests from the browser.
When SSO is enabled and the
ccloud login command is issued, the following
browser-based workflow is launched:
- Generates an HTTP server on
localhostto receive the authentication callback.
- Initiates the SSO flow by navigating to
login.confluent.ioin the browser.
- The browser automatically redirects the user to the IdP login page.
- Upon a successful login, the browser redirects the user back to
localhostwith a signed
- Confluent Cloud CLI uses the
id_tokento obtain a Confluent Cloud back-end session.
If the Confluent Cloud CLI is running on a server without a web browser (also known as a “jump”
host”), then this flow does not work. In such cases, you must log in using the
option. For details, refer to Logging in using the Confluent Cloud CLI.
Sign in to Confluent Cloud at https://confluent.cloud.
Navigate to ADMINISTRATION -> Security.
On the Security page Authentication tab, click Enable.
Specify your SSO identifier, which uniquely identifies your organization and will determine your SSO login link URL. Your SSO identifier should only include lowercase letters, numbers, and the “-” character.
The details required to configure your IdP are displayed. Your IdP uses this information to accept authentication requests from the valid SAML service provider.
Copy and paste the IdP configuration information into your IdP (for example, in Okta, you can find this information on the SAML settings page):
Do not specify transient identifiers (
nameid-format:transient) for the Name ID; they are not supported. We recommend that you use an email address for the Name ID. If the Name ID is not an email address, then the SAML response assertion must include the email address as a SAML attribute. The email specified must match exactly the address specified in your Confluent Cloud profile. Valid Name IDs must use one of the formats:
If the SAML Name ID format is not
emailAddress, then the SAML response assertion must include the email address as a
Configure SSO settings using information from your IdP:
- Click Upload signing certificate to add your CA certificate.
- Enter your IdP SAML sign-on URL. In the example, the SAML sign-on URL is based on using Okta for SSO.
- Specify an Email mapping to ensure your email address is mapped to a SAML attribute. You can specify a value, or use one of the default options provided: Name Identifier, Name, or email address.
Following is an example of the SAML settings page for the Okta IdP that displays the values that were copied and pasted from Configure your Identity Provider:
View a summary of your SSO configuration on the Single Sign-On (SSO) page. Click Edit if you need to change any values or if the values displayed do not match the data from your IdP.
Verify SSO configuration¶
To verify your SSO configuration, navigate to your new login URL using the sign-on link
displayed in the Single Sign-On (SSO) summary (
in this workflow example is
You are redirected to your organization’s sign-on page. After entering your IdP
login credentials, you are redirected back to the Confluent Cloud application.
Interactions with the application are almost identical to the non-SSO experience. The major difference is that you are unable to change your password in the Confluent Cloud user interface or using the “Reset Password” flow, because your password is now managed by your IdP.
To log in to Confluent Cloud, users must be invited to join the organization and verify that they are members of the same organization domain.
User email addresses are used to validate that the added user belongs to the same organization domain. Typically, the first user of the organization determines the organization domain and is granted rights to add users.
To add users to your organization, navigate to ADMINISTRATION -> Accounts & access. On the Accounts & access page, click Add user. Enter the email of the user you wish to add. This user will receive an email notifying them that they have been invited to the organization.
Users must log in using the new organization-specific SSO URL. For example,
If a user does not have a Confluent Cloud account and attempts to log in using the IdP, they will receive an “Invalid username” message.
When SSO is enabled, users do not have to verify their email address before logging into Confluent Cloud; if their IdP credentials are valid and they have a profile in Confluent Cloud, they can log in.
You can add local users after SSO is enabled for your organization. When adding local users after SSO is enabled, be sure to uncheck the Add as SSO user check box, which is enabled by default.
Logging in using the Confluent Cloud CLI¶
After SSO is enabled, you have the option of logging in using the Confluent Cloud CLI:
If the Confluent Cloud CLI is running on a server without a web browser (also known as
a “jump host”), then you cannot log in using
ccloud login. In such cases,
you must use the
ccloud login --no-browser
After running this login command, you receive a printout of a URL, which you must copy and paste into a local browser. After you provide your credentials and successfully log in, the browser displays a code that you must copy and paste back into in the Confluent Cloud CLI. Your workflow should look like the following:
ccloud login --no-browser Updates are available for ccloud. To install them, please run: $ ccloud update Enter your Confluent credentials: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Navigate to the following link in your browser to authenticate: https://login.confluent.io/authorize?response_type=code&code_challenge=NovO_c6FO44G-6cfRbqTrBcEOrDnvm7GNZLCHCmbPM8&code_challenge_method=S252&client_id=hPbGLM8G55HSaUsaaieiiAprnJaEc3rH&redirect_uri=https://confluent.cloud/cli_callback&scope=email%20openid&audience=https://confluent.auth0.com/api/v2/&state=CoOGX1aQhvwdH2dFSvKV-gh09INnYcXFaYbUnWq3Ekw&connection=big-company After authenticating in your browser, paste the code here: #### The following code was copied and pasted from the browser ##### CoOGX1aQhvwdH2dFSvKV-gh09INnXcXFaYbUnWq3Ekw/bf1jJFSANhlQBqPn Logged in as email@example.com Using environment t21388 ("default")
Logging in using the Confluent Cloud UI¶
After new users are invited to use SSO, they receive an email notification that includes a link to the new SSO login page. The wording and format of the notification will vary by organization, but it will always include a link that the recipient must click to accept the invitation and complete account setup.
The link in the notification is for one-time use. Do not share the link with other users in your organization. This link only works for the recipient of the email notification.
Fill in the acceptance form and click Submit. The new SSO login screen appears.
The organization-specific SSO login URL should look like
is replaced by the identifier for your organization. This is your new permanent
Confluent Cloud SSO login page. If using bookmarks, save this URL.
To disable SSO:
- Navigate to ADMINISTRATION -> Security.
- On the Security page Authentication tab, click Disable.
When SSO is disabled, your organization’s team members will no longer be able to sign in using your IdP, and must use Forgot Password to create a Confluent Cloud password.
To re-enable SSO, you must repeat the steps in Configuring SSO.
If you attempt to log in for the first time after enabling SSO while you are still signed in to your IdP, you may be logged in immediately and bypass the IdP login window. If this occurs, log out of your IdP session, then log in using an incognito browser window.